Aerobic and Anaerobic Exercise, what is right for you?

We primarily work 2 training systems when we exercise Aerobic and Anaerobic, but what is the difference and what one is right for you?

To find out which training system will suit your goals most we need to explore what they both are and which exercises are typically associated with them so you are able to build your training programmes around this knowledge.

Aerobic Training

In aerobic exercise you increase your rate of breathing and with that your Oxygen intake.

This increased oxygen consumption allows the body to speed up its metabolism. The greater concentration of oxygen present in the body helps speed up converting glucose and fatty acids into a ready available source of energy for your body.

The increased effort from your heart and lungs partnered with prolonged aerobic exercise, (above  20 minutes) helps to improve the lungs and hearts efficiency which will improve your overall health and can increase your lifespan.

Common exercises linked with aerobic training are:

  • Brisk walking
  • Running
  • Cycling
  • Dance
  • Or even resistance training such as kettlebells

This form of training is great for everyone! It helps improve your overall health but you can utalise it to help with bringing your body fat percentage down.


Anaerobic Training

Anaerobic exercise is then the opposite of aerobic, there is a massive reduction in oxygen in the body.

In anaerobic exercises are generally short duration and we use glycogen for energy that is stored in the muscles. A bi product of sustained anaerobic exercise is lactic acid. A build-up of lactic acid in the muscles causes muscles to feel stiff and fatigue.

Common exercises linked to anaerobic exercise are:

  • Weight Lifting
  • Sprinting
  • Calisthenics

The benefits of anaerobic training that it helps burn more calories even when at rest, helps to tone up muscles and build muscle mass. It can be used to compliment your training for endurance events and even improve your times.


I hope this has helped you discover which form of training is best for you and that you reap the benefits from this.

Yours in fitness,

Rob Owen Fitness